Statement by TMC Advisory Group
On 3 September 2016, in proceeding to execute Mir Quasem Ali, the Bangladesh Government again shown itself as being prepared to ignore its obligations under the various international treaties to which it is a State Party, prepared to ignore the opinions of the international community, and prepared to ignore the most fundamental and basic rights of its citizens.
Mir Quasem Ali was convicted and sentenced before the internationally condemned Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal (ICT), having been charged with offences arising out of the 1971 War of Independence with Pakistan.
Such was the flagrant disregard for basic fair trial rights during that trial, that a UN Panel of Experts, on 24 August 2016 called for the death sentence to be annulled, and arrangements made for him to be re-tried “…in compliance with international standards.”
Echoing the concerns of the UN, 50 members of the European Parliament signed a letter “…to express our concern of the unlawfulness of the legal procedures at the Bangladeshi International Crimes Tribunal (ICT)…”, noting “…his trial failed all international standards of fairness and openness…” and made demands that “…the Bangladeshi authorities to halt proceedings and refrain from any execution of sentence until the fairness of the procedures against Mr Ali have been fully and independently investigated”.
The Bangladesh Government has long criticised individuals and groups who have criticised the procedures of the ICT, and labelled them as being in some way biased.
The reality however, is that such are the concerns, and such is the level of fair trial standards being impinged upon, now the UN and a significant number of MEPs have felt themselves moral obliged to make comment in an effort to address the issue.
Any allegations of bias or inaccuracy levelled at these institutions are nothing other than fatuous.
The reality of the matter is that Mir Quasem Ali, like those whom have been convicted, sentenced, and executed before him, has been used as a political pawn in a desperate power game being played by the ruling Awami League Government.
At no stage has, or would, anyone suggest that the ICT in principle is inappropriate; it is clearly necessary that a transitional justice process be developed after the most horrendous conflict in which it is clear that international crimes were committed by both sides of the conflict.
However, the ICT has not been, nor will it ever be, a genuine transitional justice mechanism; it is a means by which the political opposition can be eliminated.
The fact that all those who appear before the ICT have their expected constitutional protection explicitly removed demonstrates the manner in which it was intended that these trials be heard.
The fact that the ICT prevented witnesses from being called, prevented the cross-examination of Prosecution witnesses, and overtly assisted the Prosecution in the presentation of the case evidences the position being adopted internationally that no defendant has or could have received a fair trial before it.
Such were the irregularities in the case of Mir Quasem Ali, the Chief Justice, during the appellate hearings, commented that the trials “…are being used for political interests” that the prosecution manipulates the “sentiments” in the media, and that no action had been taken against corrupt prosecutors.
These comments were met with condemnation by the ruling political classes, including comments such as those from the Bangladesh Minister for Food, who stated publically “…I think there should be a rehearing of Mir Quasem’s appeal without the chief justice”, such was the fear that the appeal may be allowed.
In the face of such political influence, it is of no surprise that the Appeal was dismissed.
In executing Mir Quasem Ali, the Bangladesh Government have further espoused a very particular kind of ‘victor’s justice’, and highlighted to the international community how a flawed transitional justice model is especially dangerous.
The international community must now consider its position and its relationships with Bangladesh. It is meaningless for a State to be condemned in statements if such condemnation is not to be followed by action.
There is an urgent need for action, so as to ensure that the impunity with which the Bangladesh Government operates at present is no longer approved of by the inaction and omission of its partner states.
Those who demand the rule of law of others, must make those demands of Bangladesh, else the execution of Mir Quasem Ali will not be the last.
Statement by Muslim Scholars Association
بيان صحفي بخصوص إعدام العلماء في بنغلاديش
الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه اجمعين…وبعد:
فإن رابطة علماء المسلمين تستنكر الممارسات الوحشية والإعدامات الممنهجة الظالمة التي تقوم بها السلطات البنغلاديشية؛ضد العلماء والدعاة وقادة العمل الإسلامي ،ومن آخرهم الشيخ مطيع الرحمن نظامي رئيس الجماعة الإسلامية في بنغلاديش، والذي تم إعدامه يوم أمس….وقد سبق أن أصدرت الرابطة عدة بيانات في التحذير من هذه الممارسات الخطيرة.. التي لا تقرها الشرائع السماوية ولا القوانين الدولية…
وإن الرابطة تستصرخ حكومات الدول الإسلامية للقيام بواجبها في نصرة المستضعفين؛ وممارسة كافة التدابير الممكنة للضغط على هذه الحكومة الظالمة، ومن ذلك سحب السفراء، وفرض العقوبات الاقتصادية، وغير ذلك من الإجراءات الرادعة.
كما تناشد الرابطة ؛ منظمة التعاون الإسلامي بالعمل على تعليق عضوية هذه السلطة المجرمة؛ حتى تثوب لرشدها وتكف عن ظلمها…
وتوجه الرابطة ؛ نداءها لكافة الروابط والاتحادات العلمائية والمنظمات الحقوقية للقيام بدورها في هذا الصدد…
( إن الذين يكفرون بآيات الله ويقتلون النبيين بغير حق ويقتلون الذين يأمرون بالقسط من الناس فبشرهم بعذاب أليم )
رابطة علماء المسلمين
الأربعاء 4 / شعبان / 1437هـ
11 / مايو / 2016م
Statement by Dr. Qaradaghi, Secretary General of International Union of Muslim Scholars
القره داغي: لمقاطعة حكومة بنغلاديش
في تصريح شديد اللهجة استنكر الدكتور علي القره داغي سلسلة الاعدامات الظالمة والمتكررة في بنغلاديش وآخرها اعدام الشيخ مير قاسم علي ودعا امين عام الاتحاد العالمي لعلماء المسلمين الحكومات العربية والإسلامية وخاصة دول الخليج لمقاطعة الحكومة البنغلاديشية وقال في تغريدة له على تويتر:
ندعو الحكومات في البلاد العربية والاسلامية وخاصة الخليجية لمقاطعة الحكومة البنغلاديشية حتى تعود الى رشدها لمصلحة شعبها ، إن تريد مصلحة!
واعتبر الأمين العام للاتحاد العالمي لعلماء المسلمين انه ورغم توجيه العديد من النداءات والمناشدات من أطراف ومنظمات عالمية وانسانية لوقف تنفيذ حكم الإعدام بحق قاسم ورغم ذلك لم تعبئ حكومة بنغلادش بها وقاموا بتنفيذ الحكم .
وكان الاتحاد العالمي لعلماء المسلمين قد اصدر بيان طالب فيه الحكومة بوقف تنفيذ حكم الإعدام ودعاها لإعلاء مصلحة البلاد وايقاف حالة الاحتقان المتصاعد والتوقف عن استهداف المواطنين وممتلكاتهم.
وقد نفذت مساء امس السبت حكومة بنغلاديش حكم الاعدام شنقا على الداعية الإسلامي والقيادي البارز في الجماعة الاسلامية مير قاسم علي بعد ادانته بارتكاب جرائم حرب عام 1971
ويعتبر مير قاسم من رجلات العمل اﻻنساني واﻻغاثي حيث شغل منصب مدير مكتب رابطة العالم اﻻسلامي وهيئة الاغاثة اﻻسلامية العالمية .
Statement by Islamic scholar Abdul Wahab Saleem
Abdul Wahab SaleemInnā Lillāhi Wa Innā Ilayhi Rāji`ūn. As I was writing this post, I suddenly had to change everything from future tense to past tense.As we sit comfortably in our homes, across the globe today in Bangladesh there is a great injustice that has occurred in a series of other injustices that the current secular government has undertaken against religious Muslims, especially those who affiliate to the Islamic political party, Jamaat-e-Islami. The recent years have seen a series of systematic executions of leaders of this party and another such figure who goes by the name #MirQuasemAli has just been hanged moments ago.The international community has strongly condemned the actions of the government of Bangladesh and has considered the trial unfair. A trial in which the lawyer of the accused is mysteriously abducted is sure to be unfair! The UN, Bar Human Rights Committee, Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have all considered the trial to be unfair! He has been prosecuted for an alleged crime more than 40 years ago in which the prosecution had documented evidence that he wasn’t even in the city of the crime on the alleged dates.#MirQuasem is not the first and he will certainly not be the last. The political cycle that the Ummah is currently going through is of historic importance and the blood of those who are killed out of nothing more than the spite some have for their Islam is not going to be forgotten. If the lawmakers and breakers of today can be forgiving, the pens of historians most certainly will not be, and the angels of Allah will even more certainly not be!In my ears, I hear the resounding recital of the words of the believer from the people of Pharaoh when he wished to kill Prophet Musa -SAWS-, “Are you killing a man because he says: My Lord is Allah!?”May Allah have His mercy on #MirQuasem!
Statement by Ministry of Foreign Affairs Turkey
No: 214, 4 September 2016, Press Release Regarding the Execution of Mir Quasem Ali, Key-Financier and Central Executive Council Member of the Jamaat-e-Islami in Bangladesh
We have learned with sorrow that the death sentence issued by the International Crimes Tribunal in Bangladesh against Mir Quasem Ali, Key-Financier and Central Executive Council Member of the Jamaat-e-Islami, has been executed in Bangladesh.
We stress once again that the wounds of the past cannot be healed with these methods and hope that this wrong practice will not lead to separation among the brotherly people of Bangladesh.
Statement by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan
Pakistan offers deepest condolences to Mir Quasem Ali’s bereaved family
(2016-09-03) Pakistan is deeply saddened over the execution of the prominent leader of Jamat-e-Islami, Bangladesh, Mir Quasem Ali, for the alleged crimes committed before December 1971, through a flawed judicial process.
The act of suppressing the Opposition, through flawed trials, is completely against the spirit of democracy. Ever since the beginning of the trials, several international organizations, human rights groups, and international legal figures have raised objections to the court proceedings, especially regarding fairness and transparency, as well as harassment of lawyers and witnesses representing the accused.
The government of Bangladesh should uphold its commitment, as per the Tripartite Agreement of 1974, wherein it “decided not to proceed with the trials as an act of clemency.”
Recriminations for political gains are counter productive.
Pakistan believes that matters should be addressed with a forward looking approach in the noble spirit of reconciliation.
Pakistan offers deepest condolences to the bereaved family members.
3 September 2016